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Fthiotides Theves

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The destruction of Ancient Pyrassos from the King Philippos the Fifth characterizes the history of era during the antiquity.

 

In the debris on Pyrassos, a new new city has been founded, Fthiotides Thieves.

According to the epigraphs, it took its name c.2nd century a.C. and it reached its cultural, spiritual and artistic peak during the Paleochristianic period until the end of 7th century.

 

During the Christian years, the name becomes Theves, due to discrimination by hellenistic Thebes, become "Thessalian" or "Christianic Theves".

 

Long lasting excavations have brought into light a good number of buildings of the ancient city. There has been an effort to determine the course of its wall which protected the city. The area surrounded by the wall is about 600x480m.

Until now there have been discovered ten important monuments of the ancient city:

  • Pyrassos citadel

  • Elpidius Basilica

  • Group of public buildings

  • Tthe Episcopal building

  • The Basilica of St.Dimitrios

  • Burnt bath

  • Gymnasium and baths

  • Paved street with shops

  • A mansion

  • The Basilica of high priest St.Peter.

 

However, outside the wall there are important buildings as well: The Basilica cemetery, the 5th Basilica, mansion of the 3-4th century by the sea, bath and extensive mosaics, another street with shops, cemeteries with arched graves engraved in the side of the hill or underground arched graves with sarcophagus since the 3rd-6th centuries.

 

The example above represent for the main part art in the area. The various mosaics and their extraordinary technique, make the city the most appropriate place to study that kind of decoration.